In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, We, ABDULLAH AL-SALIM AL-SABAH AMIR of the State of Kuwait, Being

 desirous of consummating the means of democratic rule for our dear Country; and, Having faith in the role of this Country in the

 furtherance of Arab nationalism and the promotion of world peace and human civilization; and, Striving towards a better future in which

 the Country enjoys greater prosperity and higher international standing, and in which also the citizens are provided with more political

 freedom, equality and social justice; a future which upholds the


traditions inherent in the Arab nature by enhancing the dignity of the individual, safeguarding public interest, and applying consultative

 rule yet maintaining the unity and stability of the Country; and, Having considered Law Number I of 1962 concerning the system of

 Government during the period of transition ; and, Uponthe resolution of the Constituent Assembly


.
Do hereby approve this Constitution and promulgate it
 

 

Article 1

.Kuwait is an independent sovereign Arab State. Neither its sovereignty nor any part of its territory may be relinquished

.The people of Kuwait are a part of the Arab Nation

Article 2

.The religion of the State is Islam, and the Islamic Sharia shall be a main source of legislation

Article 3

.The official language of the State is Arabic

Article 4

.Kuwait is a hereditary Emirate, the succession to which shall be in the descendants of the late Mubarak Al-Sabah

.The Heir Apparent shall be designated within one year, at the latest, from the date of accession of the Amir

His designation shall be effected by an Amiri Order upon the nomination of the Amir and the approval of the National Assembly which .shall be signified by a majority vote of its members in a special sitting

In case no designation is achieved in accordance with the foregoing procedure, the Amir shall nominate at least three of the descendants .of the late Mubarak al-Sabah of whom the National Assembly shall pledge allegiance to one as Heir Apparent

. The Heir Apparent shall have attained his majority, be of sound mind and a legitimate son of Muslim parents

A special law promulgated within one year from the date of coming into force of this Constitution shall lay down the other rules of succession in the Emirate. The said law shall be of a constitutional nature and therefore shall be capable of amendment only by the .procedure prescribed for amendment of the Constitution

Article 5

.The flag, emblem, badges, decorations and National Anthem of the State shall be specified by law

Article 6

The System of Government in Kuwait shall be democratic, under which sovereignty resides in the people, the source of all powers. .Sovereignty shall be exercised in the manner specified in this Constitution

 

Article 7

.Justice, Liberty and Equality are the pillars of Society; co-operation and mutual help are the firmest bonds between citizens

Article 8

.The State safeguards the pillars of Society and ensures security, tranquility and equal opportunities for citizens

Article 9

The family is the corner-stone of Society. It is founded on religion, morality and patriotism. Law shall preserve the integrity of the family, .strengthen its ties and protect under its auspices motherhood and childhood

Article 10

.The State cares for the young and protects them from exploitation and from moral, physical and spiritual neglect

Article 11

The State ensures aid for citizens in old age, sickness or inability to work. It also provides them with services of social security, social aid .and medical care

Article 12

.The State safeguards the heritage of Islam and of the Arabs and contributes to the furtherance of human civilization

Article 13

.Education is a fundamental requisite for the progress of society, assured and promoted by the State

Article 14

.The State shall promote science, letters and the arts and encourage scientific research therein

Article 15

.The State cares for Public health and for means of prevention and treatment of diseases and epidemics

Article 16

Property, capital and work are fundamental constituents of the social structure of the State and of the national wealth. They are all .individual rights with a social function as regulated by law

Article 17

.Public property is inviolable and its protection is the duty of every citizen

Article 18

Private property is inviolable. No one shall be prevented from disposing of his property except within the limits of law. No property shall be expropriated except for the public benefit in the circumstances and manner specified by law, and on condition that just compensation .is paid

.Inheritance is a right governed by the Islamic Sharia

Article 19

.General confiscation of the property of any person shall be prohibited

.Confiscation of particular property as a penalty may not be inflicted except by a court judgment in the circumstances specified by law

Article 20

The national economy shall be based on social justice. It is founded on fair co-operation between public and private activities. Its aim shall be economic development, increase of productivity, improvement of the standard of living
.and achievement of prosperity for citizens, all within the limits of law

Article 21

Natural resources and all revenues therefrom are the property of the State. It shall ensure their preservation and proper exploitation due .regard being given to the requirements of State security and the national economy

Article 22

Relations between employers and employees and between landlords and tenants shall be regulated by law on economic principles, due .regard being given to the rules of social justice

Article 23

.The State shall encourage both co-operative activities and savings, and supervise the system of credit

Article 24

.Social justice shall be the basis of taxes and public imposts

Article 25

The State shall ensure the solidarity of society in shouldering burdens resulting from public disasters and calamities and provide .compensation for war damages or injuries received by any person as a result of the discharge of his military duties

Article 26

Public office is a national service entrusted to those who hold it. Public officials, in the exercise of their duties, shall aim at the public .interest

.Aliens may not hold public offices except in the cases specified by law 

 

Article 27

Kuwaiti nationality shall be defined by law. No deprivation or withdrawal of nationality may be effected except within the limits .prescribed by law

Article 28

.No Kuwaiti may be deported from Kuwait or prevented from returning thereto

Article 29

All people are equal in human dignity, and in public rights and duties before the law, without distinction as to race, origin, language or .religion

Article 30

.Personal liberty is guaranteed

Article 31

No person shall be arrested, detained, searched or compelled to reside in a specified place, nor shall the residence of any person or his .liberty to choose his place of residence or his liberty of movement be restricted, except in accordance with the provisions of law

.No person shall be subjected to torture or to degrading treatment

Article 32

No crime and no penalty may be established except by virtue of law, and no penalty may be imposed except for offences committed after .the relevant law has come into force

Article 33

Penalty is personal.

Article 34

An accused person is presumed innocent until proven guilty in a legal trial at which the necessary guarantees for the exercise of the right .of defense are secured

.The infliction of physical or moral injury on an accused person is prohibited

Article 35

Freedom of belief is absolute. The State protects the freedom of Practicing religion in accordance with established customs, provided that .it does not conflict with public policy or morals

Article 36

Freedom of opinion and of scientific research shall be guaranteed. Every person shall have the right to express and propagate his opinion .verbally, in writing or otherwise, in accordance with the conditions and procedures specified by law

Article 37

.Freedom of the press, printing and publishing shall be guaranteed in accordance with the conditions and manner specified by law

Article 38

Places of residence shall be inviolable. They may not be entered without the permission of their occupants except in the circumstances .and manner specified by law

Article 39

Freedom of communication by post, telegraph and telephone and the secrecy thereof shall be guaranteed; accordingly censorship of .communications and disclosure of their contents shall not be permitted except in the circumstances and manner specified by law

Article 40

Education is a right for Kuwaitis, guaranteed by the State in accordance with law and within the limits of public policy and morals. .Education in its preliminary stages shall be compulsory and free in accordance with law

.Law shall lay down the necessary plan to eliminate illiteracy

.The State shall devote particular care to the physical, moral and mental development of youth

Article 41

.Every Kuwaiti has the right to work and to choose the type of his work

Work is a duty of every citizen necessitated by personal dignity and public good. The State shall endeavor to make it available to citizens .and to make its terms equitable

Article 42

.There shall be no forced labour except in the cases specified by law for national emergency and with just remuneration

Article 43

Freedom to form associations and unions on a national basis and by peaceful means shall be guaranteed in accordance with the .conditions and manner specified by law. No one may be compelled to join any association or union

Article 44

Individuals shall have the right of private assembly without permission or prior notification, and the police may not attend such private .meetings

Public meetings, processions and gatherings shall be permitted in accordance with the conditions and manner specified by law, provided .that their purpose and means are peaceful and not contrary to morals

Article 45

Every individual shall have the right to address the public authorities in writing over his signature. Only constituted organizations and .bodies corporate shall have the right to address the authorities collectively

Article 46

.Extradition of political refugees is prohibited

Article 47

.National defence is a sacred duty, and military service is an honour for citizens which shall be regulated by law

Article 48

Payment of taxes and public imposts is a duty in accordance with law which shall regulate exemption of small incomes from taxes in such .a way as to maintain the minimum standard of living

Article 49

.Observance of public order and respect for public morals are a duty incumbent upon all inhabitants of Kuwait

 

Chapter I - General Provisions

Article 50

The system of Government is based on the principle of separation of powers functioning in co-operation with each other in accordance .with the provisions of the Constitution. None of these powers may relinquish all or part of its competence specified in this Constitution

Article 51

.Legislative power shall be vested in the Amir and the National Assembly in accordance with the Constitution

Article 52

.Executive power shall be vested in the Amir, the Cabinet and the Ministers, in the manner specified by the Constitution

Article 53

.Judicial power shall be vested in the Courts, which shall exercise it in the name of the Amir within the limits of the Constitution

Chapter II - The Head of State

Article 54

.The Amir is the head of the State. His person shall be immune and inviolable

Article 55

.The Amir shall exercise his powers through his Ministers

Article 56

The Amir shall, after the traditional consultations, appoint the Prime Minister and relieve him of office. The Amir shall also appoint .Ministers and relieve them of office upon the recommendation of the Prime Minister

.Ministers shall be appointed from amongst the members of the National Assembly and from others

.The number of Ministers in all shall not exceed one-third of the number of the members of the National Assembly

Article 57

The Cabinet shall be re-constituted in the manner specified in the preceding Article at the beginning of every legislative term of the .National Assembly

Article 58

The Prime Minister and the Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Amir for the general policy of the State. Every Minister shall .also be individually responsible to the Amir for the affairs of his ministry

Article 59

The Law referred to in Article 4 of this Constitution shall specify the conditions under which the Amir shall exercise his constitutional .powers

Article 60

:Before assuming his powers the Amir shall take the following oath at a special sitting of the National Assembly

"I swear by Almighty God to respect the Constitution and the laws of the State, to defend the liberties, interests and properties of the "people and to safeguard the independence and territorial integrity of the Country

Article 61

In the event of his absence outside the Country and the inability of the Heir Apparent to act as Deputy for him, the Amir shall appoint, by an Amiri Order, a Deputy who shall exercise his powers during his absence. The said Amiri Order may include a specified arrangement .for the exercise of the said powers on behalf of the Amir, or a limitation of their scope

Article 62

The Amirís Deputy shall satisfy the qualifications laid down in Article 82 of this Constitution. If he is a Minister or a member of the National Assembly he shall not take part in the ministerial functions or in the work of the Assembly during the period he is acting as Deputy for the .Amir

Article 63

Before assuming his powers the Amirís Deputy shall, at a special sitting of the National Assembly, take the oath mentioned in Article 60 of :this Constitution with the following phrase added thereto

."and be loyal to the Amir"

.In case the National Assembly is not in session, the Oath shall be taken before the Amir

Article 64

.The provisions of Article 131 of this Constitution shall apply to the Amirís Deputy

Article 65

.The Amir shall have the right to initiate, sanction and promulgate laws

Promulgation of laws shall take place within thirty days from the date of their submission by the National Assembly to the Amir. This period shall be reduced to seven days in case of urgency. Such urgency shall be decided upon by a majority vote of the members .constituting the National Assembly

.Official holidays shall not be counted in computing the promulgation period

If the period of promulgation expires without the Head of State demanding reconsideration, the bill shall be considered as having been .sanctioned and shall be promulgated

Article 66

Reference of a bill for reconsideration shall be by a decree stating the grounds therefore. If the National Assembly confirms the bill by a two-thirds majority vote of its members the Amir shall sanction and promulgate the bill within thirty days from its submission to him. If the bill does not receive the said majority, it shall not be reconsidered during the same session. If the National Assembly, in another session, confirms the same bill by a majority vote of its members, the Amir shall sanction and promulgate the bill as law within thirty days from its .submission to him

Article 67

.The Amir is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. He appoints and dismisses officers in accordance with law

Article 68

.The Amir shall declare defensive war by decree. Offensive war is prohibited

Article 69

The Amir shall proclaim Martial Law in the cases of necessity determined by law and in accordance with the procedure specified therein. The proclamation of Martial Law shall be by decree. Such decree shall be referred to the National Assembly within the fifteen days following its issue, for a decision on the future of Martial Law. If the proclamation takes place during the period the National Assembly is dissolved it shall be referred to
.the new Assembly at its first sitting

.Martial Law may not continue unless a decision to that effect is made by a majority vote of the members constituting the Assembly

.In all cases the matter shall be referred to the National Assembly in accordance with the foregoing procedure, every three months

Article 70

The Amir shall conclude treaties by decree and shall transmit them immediately to the National Assembly with the appropriate statement. .a treaty shall have the force of law after it is signed, ratified and published in the Official Gazette

However, treaties of peace and alliance; treaties concerning the territory of the State, its natural resources or sovereign rights, or public or private rights of citizens; treaties of commerce, navigation and residence; and treaties which entail additional expenditure not provided .for in the budget, or which involve amendment of the laws of Kuwait; shall come into force only when made by a law

.In no case may treaties include secret provisions contradicting those declared

Article 71

Should necessity arise for urgent measures to be taken while the National Assembly is not in session or is dissolved, the Amir may issue decrees in respect thereof which shall have the force of law, provided that they shall not be contrary to the Constitution or to the .appropriations included in the budget law

Such decrees shall be referred to the National Assembly within the fifteen days following their issue if the Assembly is in being. If it is dissolved or its legislative term has expired such decrees shall be referred to the next Assembly at its first sitting. If they are not thus referred they shall retrospectively cease to have the force of law, without the necessity of any decision to that effect. If they are referred and the Assembly does not confirm them, they shall retrospectively cease to have the force of law, unless the Assembly approves their .validity for the preceding period or settles in some other way the effects arising therefrom

Article 72

The Amir shall, by decree, issue the regulations necessary for the execution of laws without amending or suspending such laws or making any exemption from their execution. a law may prescribe less formal instrument than a decree for the issue of the regulations necessary .for its execution

Article 73

The Amir shall, by decree, issue sanctions and regulations necessary for the organization of public services and administration, not .conflicting with any law

Article 74

The Amir shall appoint and dismiss civil and military officials and diplomatic representatives to foreign countries in accordance with law. .He shall also accept credentials of the representatives of foreign countries

Article 75

The Amir may, by decree, grant a pardon or commute a sentence. However, general amnesty shall not be granted except by a law and .then only lin respect of offences committed prior to the proposal of the amnesty

Article 76

.The Amir shall confer Orders of Honour in accordance with law

Article 77

.Coins shall be minted in the name of the Amir in accordance with law

Article 78

.Upon the accession of the Head of State his annual emoluments shall be fixed by a law for the duration of his reign

Chapter III - Legislative Power

Article 79

.No law may be promulgated unless it has been passed by the National Assembly and sanctioned by the Amir

Article 80

The National Assembly shall be composed of fifty members elected directly by universal suffrage and secret ballot in accordance with the .provisions prescribed by the electoral law

.Ministers who are not elected members of the National Assembly shall be considered ex-officio members thereof

Article 81

.Electoral constituencies shall be determined by law

Article 82

:A member of the National Assembly shall

.a) be a Kuwaiti by origin in accordance with law )
.b) be qualified as an elector in accordance with the electoral law )
.c ) be not less than thirty calendar years of age on the day of election)
.d ) be able to read and write Arabic well)

Article 83

The term of the National Assembly shall be four calendar years commencing with the day of its first sitting. Elections for the new Assembly .shall take place within the sixty days preceding the expiry of the said term, due regard being given to the provisions of Article 107

.Members whole term of office expires may be re-elected

.The term of the Assembly may not be extended except for necessity in time of war and by a law

Article 84

If, for any reason, a seat in the National Assembly becomes vacant before the end of the term, the vacancy shall be filled by election within two months from the date on which the Assembly declares the vacancy. The mandate of the new member shall last until the end of . that of his predecessor

.If the vacancy occurs within six months prior to the expiry of the legislative term of the Assembly no successor shall be elected

Article 85

The National Assembly shall have an annual session of not less than eight months. The said session may not be prorogued before the .budget is approved

Article 86

The Assembly shall start its ordinary session during the month of October of every year upon a convocation by the Amir. If the decree of convocation is not issued before the first of the said month, the time for the meeting shall be deemed to be 9 a.m. on the third Saturday of .that month. If such day happens to be an official holiday, the Assembly shall meet on the morning of the first day thereafter

Article 87

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding two articles the Amir shall summon the National Assembly to hold its first meeting within two weeks of the end of the general election. If the decree of convocation is not issued within the said period, the Assembly shall be deemed to have been convoked for the morning of the day following these two weeks, due regard being given to the relevant provision of .the preceding Article

If the date of the meeting of the Assembly falls after the annual date mentioned in Article 86 of the Constitution, the term of the session .specified in Article 85 shall be reduced by the difference between the said two dates

Article 88

The National Assembly shall, by decree, be called to an extra-ordinary session if the Amir deems it necessary, or upon the demand of the .majority of the members of the Assembly

In an extraordinary session the Assembly may not consider matters other than those for which it has been convened except with the .consent of the Cabinet

Article 89

.The Amir shall announce the prorogation of ordinary and extra-ordinary sessions

Article 90

Every meeting held by the Assembly at a time or place other than that assigned for its meeting shall be invalid, and resolutions passed .thereat shall, by virtue of law, be void

Article 91

Before assuming his duties in the Assembly or in its committees, a member of the National Assembly shall take the following oath before :the Assembly in a public sitting

"I swear by Almighty God to be faithful to the Country and to the Amir, to respect the Constitution and the laws of the State, to defend the liberties, interests and properties of the people and to discharge my duties honestly and truthfully. & #129 , 94"

Article 92

The National Assembly shall elect at its first sitting and for the duration of its term a Speaker and Deputy Speaker from amongst its .members. If either office becomes vacant the Assembly shall elect a successor the remainder of its term

In all cases election shall be by an absolute majority vote of the members present. If this majority vote is not attained in the first ballot, another election shall be held between the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes. If more than one candidate receives an equal number of votes in the second place, all such candidates shall participate in the second ballot. In this case the candidate who .receives the greatest number of votes shall be elected. If there is a tie in this last ballot, the choice shall be by lot

.The oldest member shall preside over the first sitting until the President is elected

Article 93

The Assembly shall form, within the first week of its annual session, the committees necessary for its functions. These committees may .discharge their duties the recess of the Assembly with a view to submitting their recommendations to it when it meets

Article 94

Sittings of the National Assembly shall be public, though they may be held in secret upon the request of the Government, the National .Assembly Speaker, the Assembly or ten of its members. The debate on such request shall be held in secret

Article 95

The National Assembly shall decide upon the validity of the election of its members. No election may be declared invalid except by a .majority vote of the members constituting the Assembly. This jurisdiction may, by law, be entrusted to a judicial body

Article 96

.The National Assembly shall be the competent authority to accept resignation of its members

Article 97

For a meeting of the National Assembly to be valid more than half of its members must be present. Resolutions shall be passed by an absolute majority vote of the members present, except in cases where a special majority is required. When votes are equally divided, the .motion shall be deemed to be rejected

Article 98

Immediately upon its formation, every Cabinet shall present its programme to the National Assembly. The Assembly may make comments .with regard to such a programme

Article 99

Every member of the National Assembly may put to the Prime Minister and to Ministers questions with a view to clarifying matters falling .within their competence. The questioner alone shall have the right to comment once upon the answer

Article 100

Every member of the National Assembly may address to the Prime Minister and to Ministers interpellations with regard to matters falling .within their competence

The debate on such an interpellation shall not take place until at least eight days have elapsed after its presentation, except in case of .urgency and with the consent of the Minister concerned

Subject to the provisions of Articles 101 and 102 of the Constitution, an interpellation may lead to the question of no-confidence being put .to the Assembly

Article 101

Every Minister shall be responsible to the National Assembly for the affairs of his ministry. If the Assembly passes a vote of no-confidence against a Minister, he shall be considered to have resigned his office as from the date of the vote of no-confidence and shall immediately submit his formal resignation. The question of confidence in a Minister may not be raised except upon his request or upon a demand signed by ten members, following a debate on an interpellation addressed to him. The Assembly may not make its decision upon such a request before the lapse of seven days from the
.presentation thereof

Withdrawal of confidence from a Minister shall be by a majority vote of the members constituting the Assembly excluding Ministers. .Ministers shall not participate in the vote of confidence

Article 102

.The Prime Minister shall not hold any portfolio: nor shall the question of confidence in him be raised before the National Assembly

Nevertheless, if the National Assembly decides, in the manner specified in the preceding Article, that it cannot co-operate with the Prime Minister, the matter shall be submitted to the Head of State. In such a case the Amir may either relieve the Prime Minister of office and .appoint a new Cabinet or dissolve the National Assembly

In the event of dissolution, if the new Assembly decides by the above-mentioned majority vote that it cannot co-operate with the said Prime Minister, he shall be considered to have resigned as from the date of the decision of the Assembly in this respect, and a new .Cabinet shall be formed

Article 103

If, for any reason, the Prime Minister or a Minister vacates his office, he shall continue to discharge the urgent business thereof until his .successor is appointed

Article 104

The Amir shall open the annual session of the National Assembly whereupon he shall deliver an Amiri Speech reviewing the situation of the country and the important public matters which happened during the preceding year, and outlining the projects and reforms the .Government plans to undertake during the coming year

.The Amir may depute the Prime Minister to open the Assembly or to deliver the Amiri Speech

Article 105

The National Assembly shall choose, from amongst its members, a committee to draft the reply to the Amiri Speech which will embody the .comments and wishes of the Assembly. After the said reply has been approved by the Assembly, it shall be submitted to the Amir

Article 106

The Amir may, by a decree, adjourn the meeting of the National Assembly for a period not exceeding one month. Adjournment may be repeated during the same session with the consent of the Assembly and then once only. a period of adjournment shall not be counted in computing the duration of the
.session

Article 107

The Amir may dissolve the National Assembly by a decree in which the reasons for dissolution shall be indicated. However, dissolution of .the Assembly may not be repeated for the same reasons

In the event of dissolution, elections for the new Assembly shall be held within a period not exceeding two months from the date of . dissolution

If the elections are not held within the said period the dissolved Assembly shall be restored to its full constitutional authority and shall meet immediately as if the dissolution had not taken place. The Assembly shall then continue functioning until the new Assembly is .elected

Article 108

a member of the Assembly represents the whole nation. He shall safeguard the public interest and shall not be subject to any authority in .the discharge of his duties in the Assembly or in its committees

Article 109

.A member of the Assembly shall have the right to initiate bills

.No bill initiated by, a member and rejected by the National Assembly may be re-introduced during the same session

Article 110

a member of the National Assembly shall be free to express any views or opinions in the Assembly or in its committees. Under no .circumstances shall he be held liable in respect thereof

Article 111

Except in cases of flagrant delicto, no measures of inquiry, search, arrest, detention or any other penal measure may be taken against a member while the Assembly shall be notified of any penal measure that may be taken during its session in accordance with the foregoing provision. The Assembly shall always at its first meeting be notified of any such measure taken against any of its members while it was not sitting. In all cases, if the Assembly does not give a decision regarding a request for authorization within one month from the date of its .receipt, permission shall be deemed to have been  given

Article 112

Upon a request signed by five members, any subject of general interest may be put to the National Assembly for discussion with a view to .Securing Clarification of the Governmentís policy and to exchanging views thereon
.All other members shall also have the right to participate in the discussion

Article 113

The National Assembly may express to the Government wishes regarding public matters. If the Government cannot comply with these .wishes, it shall state to the Assembly the reasons thereof. The Assembly may comment once on the Governmentís statement

Article 114

The National Assembly shall at all times have the right to set up committees of inquiry or to delegate one or more of its members to investigate any matter within its competence. Ministers and all Government officials must produce testimonials, documents and statements .requested from them

Article 115

The Assembly shall set up, among its annual standing committees, a special committee to deal with petitions and complaints submitted to the Assembly by citizens. The committee shall seek explanation thereon from the competent authorities and shall inform the person .concerned of the result

.A member of the National Assembly may not interfere with the work of either the Judicial or the Executive Power

Article 116

The Prime Minister and Ministers shall be given the floor whenever they ask for it. They may call for assistance upon any senior officials or depute them to speak on their behalf. The Assembly may ask for a Minister to be present whenever a matter relating to his ministry is .under discussion. The Cabinet shall be represented in the sittings of the Assembly by the Prime Minister or by some Ministers

Article 117

The National Assembly shall lay down its standing orders which shall include the procedure of the Assembly and its committees, and the rules pertaining to discussion, voting, questions, interpellation and all other functions prescribed in the Constitution. The standing orders shall prescribe the sanctions to be imposed on any member who violates order or absents himself from the meetings of the Assembly or .the committees without a legitimate excuse

Article 118

The maintenance of order in the National Assembly shall be the responsibility of its President. The Assembly shall have a special guard .under the authority of the President of the Assembly

.No armed forces may enter the Assembly or be stationed close to its gates unless so requested by the President

Article 119

The remuneration of the President of the National Assembly, the Deputy President and the Members shall be fixed by law. In the event of .a modification of the said  remuneration, such modification shall not take effect until the next legislation term

Article 120

Membership of the National Assembly shall be incompatible with public office except in the cases where compatibility is permitted in accordance with the Constitution. In such cases the right to the remuneration for membership and the right to the salary of the public .office shall not be cumulated

.The law shall specify other cases of incompatibility

Article 121

During his mandate a member of the National Assembly shall not be appointed on the board of directors of a company, nor shall he .participate in concessions granted by the Government or by public bodies

Further, during the said mandate, he shall not buy or rent any property of the State, nor shall he bet, sell or barter any of his property to .the Government, except by public auction or tender, or in compliance with the system of compulsory acquisition

Article 122

During their mandate, members of the National Assembly with the exception of those occupying a public office not incompatible with the .membership of the National Assembly, may not be awarded decorations

Chapter IV - The Executive Power
Section I - The Cabinet

Article 123

The Council of Ministers shall have control over the departments of the State. It shall formulate the general policy of the Government, .pursue its execution and supervise the conduct of work in Government departments

Article 124

.A law shall determine the remuneration of the Prime Minister and the Ministers

.All other provisions regarding Ministers shall apply to the Prime Minister unless otherwise stated

Article 125

.A Minister shall satisfy the qualifications laid down in Article 82 of this Constitution

.Before assuming office the Prime Minister and Ministers shall take before the Amir the Oath specified in Article 91 of this Constitution

Article 127

The Prime Minister shall preside over the meetings of the Council of Ministers and supervise the co-ordination of work among the various .ministries

Article 128

Deliberations of the Council of Ministers shall be secret. Resolutions shall be passed only when the majority of its members are present and with the approval of the majority of those present. In case of an equal division of votes the side on which the Prime Minister has voted .shall prevail

.Unless they resign, the minority shall abide by the opinion of the majority

.Resolutions of the Council of Ministers shall be submitted to the Amir for approval in cases where the issue of a decree is required

Article 129

.The resignation of the Prime Minister or his removal from office shall involve the resignation or removal of all other Ministers